Transplanting a tree is a complex process that cannot be carried out without the help of highly qualified specialists. You will learn when your trees need replanting, the main stages of this work, as well as how to care for the tree after replanting.
Due to the intensive suburban construction, the method of landscaping with the transplanting of mature trees and shrubs is very popular. The prospect of creating a shady alley or grove in empty open space has always inspired private plot owners.
It also happens that the owners, when moving to a new location, want to keep several trees and move them to another location.
Transplanting a tree is quite a complicated process. Firstly, large trees cannot be transplanted without certain skills and special equipment. Secondly, during transplanting the tree loses part of its root system, it is difficult for it to restore normal functioning of water exchange processes, as a result, its immunity to diseases decreases, and the tree becomes more vulnerable to negative environmental influences.
Replanting trees requires a careful approach because many factors must be taken into account, for example:
- So that the plant does not lose a lot of moisture, it is better to transplant it in the cold season (except for severe frosts);
- Before transplanting, the trees should be carefully inspected. They should be healthy, with no signs of aging, and in good condition;
- Trees should be dug up with a sufficiently large root ball;
- The excavated clump of soil should be covered and packed;
- After transplanting large trees, they should be reinforced with special tools.
To get the transplanted tree used to its new environment without problems, proper care must be arranged. As a rule, it takes about one year for a mature tree to fully adapt, provided the owners arrange for simple but obligatory care:
- regular intensive watering;
- mulching, loosening the soil around the trunk;
- protection against frost;
- feeding the plant with special mineral fertilizers;
- constant protection against all types of pests.
As practice shows, deciduous species show a higher degree of adaptation compared to conifers. When planning to transplant, it should be kept in mind that the maximum age of deciduous species is 30 years, the same figure for conifers is about 5 years more.
How Is a Tree Transplant Performed?
Before proceeding with a tree transplant you should find an answer to the next questions:
- What is the purpose of the transplant – to provide shade, to protect from the wind, or to beautify the space with the tree?
- Have you chosen the right place to transplant the tree? Can the crown and root system fully grow in this space?
- Are there any utilities and communications at the transplant place or electrical wires that will interfere with the tree’s crown?
Preparations for transplanting the tree are carried out in advance: the root system is rejuvenated, a sanitary pruning of the crown is done. Before transplanting, the plant is carefully inspected and, if necessary, fertilized, pests are destroyed, possible damages are treated.
Before digging up the plant, it is thoroughly watered. Then the tree is dug up with a large root ball of earth, trying to damage the roots to a minimum. Cut roots and branches are treated with protective agents.
There are special requirements for the root ball. The diameter of the ball must be at least 10 times the diameter of the trunk, and it must be strong enough not to collapse during transportation. That is why the transplanting work is easiest to carry out in frozen soil, at an air temperature not higher than 0° F.
At the place of future planting, a hole is prepared in advance, the diameter of which should be the size of the root ball. The specialist makes its loosening and application of complex fertilizers for good root growth. The tree is placed in the planting hole and covered with soil and mulching to suppress the growth of weeds and moisture retention and, if necessary, to strengthen it with support or stretching. Around the perimeter of the hole, create a small earth mound, so that the water does not flow out, but gets to the roots.
After planting, the tree is watered abundantly, and in two days watering is repeated.
Transplanting trees is a technically complex process, also, very distressing for the plant itself. Therefore, if there is a desire to ennoble or enrich the landscape with tall trees with branchy luxurious crowns, you should turn to specialists who will organize the delivery and planting of large trees at all stages: from the moment of selecting a particular specimen, determining the place of tree planting and direct planting in the ground.