Types of Trees in Florida

Types of trees in Florida

Table of Contents

As one of the most popular tourist destinations in the United States, Florida has a tropical temperature, endless miles of gorgeous beaches, rich flora and fauna, and an overall dynamic culture. Trees are essential to any environment, directly impacting our home’s visual appeal.

The forests of Florida are home to the most beautiful trees, and because of the humid climate, a variety of trees can thrive there. It’s interesting how salt has been found in the oil of coastal parts, where higher temperatures are more common in the south than in the north. Furthermore, these types of trees aid in the reduction of soil erosion, which is more critical in south Florida.

If you consider adding a tree to your landscape or just exploring the nature of plants, the most attractive and unique species are part of Florida’s native trees. This area is known for having a diverse range of long-lasting species of various sizes. 

Here are some of the beautiful native and imported trees that grow well in the region of  Florida.

The Palm Tree

The presence of tropical Palm trees, which are imported, is one of the unique features of the Florida skyline. Many of them grow in parks, along beaches, and on highways.

Types of trees in Florida, palm trees infographic

Because of Florida’s different growth zones, choosing the most appropriate Palm tree for your location is essential since some are cold tolerant and can withstand mild frost.

Even though they may look the same for most of us, there are more than 2,500 species of Palm trees, and at each growing season, they produce a variety of stems that reach heights of 20-25 feet and beyond. 

There are several palm trees in Florida: Scrub Palmetto, Saw Palmetto, Dwarf Palmetto, Coconut Palmetto, Bismarck Palm, Florida Thatch Palm, Keys Thatch Palm, Sylvester Palm, Needle Palm, and so on.

Cypress Trees

The adopted Cypress trees are well adjusted to the moist soil of the Everglades National Park. They are the most flood-resistant of all Florida tree species, which grow in water-covered areas for a more extended period than in the surrounding swamps. Their roots protrude from the ground and produce “knees” that range from a few inches to 6 feet. Due to the saturated soil, fires pose less threat to Cypress swamps.

The most common types of Cypress Trees in Florida are Bald Cypress and Pond Cypress.

Types of trees in Florida infographic 2

Mangrove Trees

The imported Mangroves are unusual plants that grow along tropical coasts. As Mangrove trees can absorb freshwater from saltwater, they flourish in salty regions. They provide a safe place for fish and other wildlife and are also needed for storm protection. Dark green leaves crowded along the branch ends make this tree type special. In deltas, Mangrove trees reach heights of 82-125 feet, and along the shoreline, they reach 26-33 feet. Little white flowers bloom in these Mangrove trees with 10-12 inch long pencil-shaped seeds, usually fertilized by the wind.

Types of Mangrove Trees in Florida are Red Mangrove, White Mangrove, and Black Mangrove.

Pine Trees

Pine trees are part of the conifers group, known for their heterogeneity and toughness. They are perennial evergreens and are characterized as woody trees. Pine trees can reach 100 feet but are more commonly found in the range of 15 to 40 feet. In Florida, there are seven native pine species.

Types of Pine Trees in Florida: Slash Pine, Sand Pine, Longleaf Pine, Shortleaf Pine, Loblolly Pine, Pond Pine, and Spruce Pine.

Types of trees in Florida infographic 3

The Live Oak

The Live Oak is the ultimate shade provider and has been immortalized as a classic South Florida icon, even though it is not a native tree. Squirrels and birds use these kinds of trees for food and shelter. Different Live Oaks grow in diverse ecosystems, reaching a height of 60 feet with a broad crown on top. These Florida plantations require full sun and enough space to spread their wings. Due to the density and heaviness of the wood itself, the Live Oak is ideal to be used for firewood and shipbuilding.

There are several types of Live Oak in Florida: Bluejack Oak, Post Oak, Sand Live Oak, Southern Red Oak, and Turkey Oak.

Maple Trees

As one of the native trees of Florida, the Maple tree is known as a northern tree that loves the stunning changes in autumn colors. During the short winters in South Florida, the large leaves of maple trees turn reddish-bronze. They require a whole part of the sun, but the partial shade is not problematic. The Maple trees grow rapidly to a height of about 40 feet.

Types of Maple Trees in Florida: Red Maple and Florida Maple.

Types of trees in Florida infographic 4

Geiger Trees

The attractive Geiger trees bloom with beautiful flower clusters in vibrant yellow, orange, or white during the warmer days. As long as Geiger trees are planted in a frost-free zone, they are protected from winter winds, and due to their strong salt tolerance, they are ideal tiny blooming trees for residences near the seaside. These kinds of trees are not native Florida plants, but they grow best in full to the medium sun, although they will also grow in partial shade. Geiger trees reach a height of 15 to 20 feet at a moderate rate.

Types of Geiger Trees in Florida are Orange Geiger, Yellow Geiger, and White Geiger.

Bottlebrush Trees

The Bottlebrush tree is a small flowering tree with a rounded crown and fragrant linear leaves, which got its name from the shape of its blossoms. These adopted and fast-growing Florida trees can reach 3 to 8 feet. The Bottlebrush trees are also salt-tolerant, making them perfect for growing along Florida’s coastline.

Types of Bottlebrush Trees present in Florida are Red Bottlebrush and Weeping Bottlebrush.

Types of trees in Florida infographic 5

Crabapple Trees

The imported Crabapple trees thrive in the sunlight and grow in the northern regions of Florida. The branches are covered in green leaves until spring; after the blossoms, they vary in white, red, and pink colors. Various colors are not the only characteristic feature of Crabapple trees; they also have small fruits you can eat like ordinary apples. These trees can reach a height of 25 feet, and their branches are widespread.

Crabapple Trees in Florida are Southern Wild Crabapple, Wild Sweet Crabapple, Japanese Flowering Crabapple, Tea Crab- Apple, and Sargent Crabapple.

These plants in Florida are like a drop in the ocean! The finest trees to grow in Florida can provide shade, beauty, and possibly even fruits. You will appreciate the numerous benefits of having a tree in your yard.

Before you start planning to plant, keep in mind that different trees require different types of maintenance regularly. If you are unsure how to take good care of your trees, try hiring a team of experts to help you keep your trees safe and beautiful.

Table of Contents